Cloud computing has evolved as the alternative of an on-premise system or traditional IT system to store data. Starting cloud computing is very easy as it has reduced the use of different costly types of equipment and human resources behind these. But, should you jump to this system? The term sounds smart and kind, but before switching to this system, you should know the advantages and disadvantages of cloud computing.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Cloud Computing
In this article, I shall discuss the pros and cons of cloud computing shortly so that you get a clear idea about cloud computing before you jump from the on-premise system. I shall show the advantages of cloud computing and then the disadvantages of cloud computing separately for your better understanding and easy assimilation.
Advantages of Cloud Computing
Advantages of cloud computing may show less in numbers as I have discussed below, but the practical application of this system will give much more benefits from these few discussed points. IT should be a motivation for someone who wants to implement cloud from the on-premise or traditional IT system.
1. Easy to Implement
One of the main advantages of Cloud computing is, it is straightforward to implement and thus easy to use as well. If the time requires to implement a cloud computing is about 6 to 7 week, then time will be 6-7 months taken by an on-premise system to be implemented. You need a massive setup for an on-premise system like hardware, materials, human resources. But there is no burden of these things in Cloud computing.
2. Minimum IT Expense
One of the most significant advantages of cloud computing is that it is less expensive compared to on-premise technologies. Someone may ask how cloud computing minimize the expense. In on-premise technology, you need to have a lot of infrastructures. To operate those, you also need a workforce and to keep your system safe and secure you need to have some other means. So you need huge money to adopt on-premise technology as all of them demand money.
While you are adopting cloud computing, you don’t need to think about all these things which will cost you a lot. The overall expense will directly go at the bottom. In this discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of cloud computing, this is the most critical point as it talks about the expense.
3. Competitive Advantage
At first think of an on-premise process. If you are planning to adopt this process, then you need to go through stakeholders, then you need to get approval after building a business case. On support, you have to purchase the required technologies like software and related equipment. At the same time, you need a workforce to run and maintain them. So it will take a considerable time to disease and start with your traditional system.
Now, there is another person who has planned to adopt the Cloud system. He will not think about all these things mentioned above. To start his work, he will take a concise time, and by the time you start doing your job, he will be ahead of you in competition though both of you have started at the same time. So, adopting cloud computing brings competitive advantage.
4. Easy and Cost-effective Backup + Recovery
For the backup plan for your enterprise, you have two choices. On is the traditional IT process or the on-premise system, and another is the cloud. For the on-premise system, you have to keep your things in external storage; you have to generate an order so that your data either gets uploaded automatically or manually. Again, you have to maintain the backup so that it remains protected from destruction. Time, money, labor all are needed here.
One of the advantages of cloud computing is that the backup is super easy and cost-effective. You don’t have to think of managing a device or system for storing and updating your data. Cloud computing does it for you. You can control it with some fee according to the size of your recovery with some additional charge basing on time interval as planned by the vendor. Once the Backup is accessible and available, the recovery is also easy during any disaster.
5. Easy Accessibility
Cloud computing is natural to access no matter where is your location. You do not need to carry any additional device to get access to the cloud. The only thing you need is the connection of internet in your device like laptop, mobile or something similar to it. Cloud computing allows you to access anytime you want. There is no time limit in it. Even if you are in space with an internet connection, you can access at any time you want.
It also allows people to work who can not come to a workplace like disabled people. This is how the cloud is not only accessible irrespective of geographical location but also from any person who can handle electronics like a laptop, mobile, etc.
6. Increase In Productivity and Flexibility
Could computing can increase the productivity of your enterprise. The increase is also mentionable as the study says it increases productivity by 40%. This productivity comes due to the flexibility of cloud computing. How it increases the flexibility and results more productive. All the points are interrelated. This is due to the ease of accessibility.
Think of doing your work in your home without going to the office. Suppose you are sick today, maybe a headache and not in a mood to go to the office. So, you called your boss and said that you don’t want to come later after you get rid of the headache. Your boss might become angry and might not allow your desire. But once you have the facility of cloud computing, you can do the job in your home.
You do not need to go to the office and do your job there. You can finish your job once you got rid of the pain and you can do it comfortably remaining in your home. Here the flexibility of work time and place comes. Around 36% of people want to work remotely as it allows comfort, and they even accept a 10% cut of their pay for telecommuting. So, Cloud computing allows it for these people and thus increases the flexibility by 47%, which ultimately increase productivity.
7. Consistency and Reliability
You can earn your reliability on cloud computing than the on-premise system due to its consistency in availability and performance. You will get the assurance of 74/7 throughout the year availability from the cloud provider, which tends to 100%. Even there is no tension of server failure as there is always a scope of transferring to another server.
8. No Hardware No Maintenance
Most of the previous points have covered that the implementation of cloud computing will provide relief from all hardware infrastructures and related mechanisms. In cloud computing, you do not need any additional hardware for uploading your data or browsing them. You need a device to use it. This helps you to delete the budget for buying other equipment and the tension of maintenance.
The traditional IT process requires many hardware and infrastructures. I have already mentioned before that you need to take care of these things if you have implemented this system. To take care of them, you have to have an additional workforce and put money on it. Thereby a cloud computing is advantageous as you have no tension of maintaining it like the way you need to do for the traditional one.
9. Easy Sharing
When you want to share any file or any material to anyone then you have to consider a few things like the size of the data, means for sending the data, speed of your internet and speed of the recipient internet, etc. Cloud computing gives you relief from all these tensions and allows you to share your files with just a link. You need to copy the relationship of the data from your cloud and then share it to your desired one. That’s so simple.
10. Infinite Storage
If you are running a big company or enterprise, then you need a huge storage capacity to store your data. At the same time, with time, you need to expand the storage as data will increase with the time. If you are using a traditional IT system, you need to increase the size of your storage and maintenance system of those additional memories.
In cloud storage, you don’t need to think of these. You add some extra fee and get your desired space to keep your data. The limit of storage in cloud computing tends to infinity. But you never have to bother about introducing any extra hardware or memory for that. I consider this one of the most vital points in this discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of cloud computing.
Disadvantages of Cloud Computing
Disadvantages of cloud computing as discussed below may look bigger in number but most of these have better solutions from avoiding harm from the difficulties. However, these disadvantages will act as an alert of the risk of cloud computing for those who are planning to switch to cloud from the on-premise system or traditional IT system.
1. Unexpected Service Outages
In the advantages of cloud computing part, I have mentioned many times that this system does not require any hardware infrastructure. It needs an internet connection. So, if for any unforeseen or unwanted reason you lose the relationship of the internet, you will not be able to get access to your data regardless of your browsing device strength. So, you need to maintain a continuous flow of internet to your devices.
2. Unexpected Data Access
An organization who has kept his vital data which demands high-security level will always have the tension of being attacked by the hackers. You still will hear the security level provided by the provider but will never come to know how effective it is unless you or someone else is attacked. An unexpected data access may cause severe damage to any organization.
3. Choosing Dilemma
One of the most significant disadvantages of cloud computing is the choosing dilemma. You have to think of many issues like a storage facility, privacy, security, fee, renew fee, and many more. But, can one single provider make you satisfied with all the issues you are concerned about? It’s improbable.
So you have to go for a massive calculation for the best matching according to your demand. Maybe you will get some of them very suitable for you and some of them moderately suitable. You need to calculate then that which thing you need most and if you compromise one section then how much vulnerable that will be. Deciding this will be very tough as all the sectors are always important.
4. Converted Enemies
I think this point is significant among all the discussions of the topic advantages and disadvantages of cloud computing. Maybe you have a very secured platform for the cloud computing of your company but for any unforeseen you have to remove some of your employee from their position. It may happen that that employee had been holding a significant appointment of your company.
Now, if that very particular employee has an evil intention and tuns to your enemy, then there is a big possibility that his stupid works will attack you. Maybe your platform is too robust, but his knowledge is too in-depth on your platform mainly as he had been dealing with those. If he even fails to breach, his attempts will at least bother you many times.
5. Dependency on the Providers for Solution
As cloud computing is a technical matter, so there will be technical issues which you need to solve either frequently or after a long interval. But you will be helpless if you are using the cloud because the only cloud providers are the solution providers. There is nothing in your hand. Some of the providers do not solve problems at any time of the day. So, you have to keep waiting until that time if you have chosen that provider.
6. Lack of Trust
You can’t say how effective is the security system of any provider as you have not tested it in any way. Otherwise, there is no option of testing unless you see the example of any victim. However, you will have to keep many important and sensitive data in the cloud which you never dream of compromising. And if you are using a Saas provider, then you are much more vulnerable than that of using a hosted provider. So it is very tough to trust and choose a provider.
7. Migration Difficulties
Once you are set with one provider, then it is tough to shift to another one. You need legal constraints, substantial costs, and technical incompatibilities before you go for a change in a vendor. Once you try to shift the vendor, you have to consider many things. The systems, applications, and other related items you are using might not work well with the new provider. So, there are difficulties if you want to change vendor. Vendor lock-in is one of the disadvantages of cloud computing.
8. Internal Enemy
I have discussed the converted enemies. Now, what if when you have a person working inside but doing nuisance which you can’t notice. This will be a huge issue if you don’t see this loss that has been caused by inside. If the damage is gradual and smaller, then that will be very serious because you won’t understand it in one day, but someday you will fall from the sky. This can be one of the serious disadvantages of cloud computing.
9. Future Expenses
In the advantages of cloud computing, I have mentioned the cost-effectiveness of cloud computing. Now we need to dig dipper about this case. In that part, I have explained that if you start from the very beginning without shifting from traditional IT system, then the expense will be less. That was the comparative cost-effectiveness of two orders if you start from the beginning.
Now, if you already have an on-premise IT system and you want to shift, then you have to go for an expensive rewrite of your software that you had been using on the on-premise system. Otherwise, those will not work in the cloud system. Again, initially the cost for establishing cloud computing will be less expensive but each after a definite period according to the deal with the provider you need to spend money for various purposes like renew, expansion, etc.
10. Negligible Control
In compare to the traditional IT system, you have very less control over the cloud system. The owner of the cloud is the provider; thus, they will be monitoring and manage everything. The users will have minimal control over the applications. You can no wat customize other things like the upgradations of the firmware.
It is one of the advantages of cloud computing that all the things are done by the provider but also one of the disadvantages of cloud computing that you can’t own all control for the customization as per your desire.
Which One is More between Advantages and Disadvantages of Cloud Computing?
Pros and cons of cloud computing should be a prime thing to know before you set up any system for your enterprise or company. So far, I have discussed the most vital points. However, the advantages of cloud computing and the disadvantageous of cloud computing are equal in number in this article. The unfavorable seems more in number if you want to select cloud computing.
But there are better solution always and remedies against the disadvantages of cloud computing. According to me, if you are sincere, then cloud computing is better because most of the disadvantages of cloud computing can be solved in the right way. However, security and privacy of your data are essential. So, you should carefully select the appropriate system by analyzing all the pros and cons of cloud computing.
Cloud computing is easy to implement and cost-effective, but once applied, it may not remain cost-effective always because you have to add many things after an interval. However, you will still get the benefits of staying away from maintenance. The accessibility and sharing are straightforward, but you may have internal enemies and enemies made after someone has left from your company. You have to be a perfect boss and change the security measures frequently.
You will get the advantage of unlimited storage, but the storage is not free of cost. Every time you want to increase the space, you have to pay, and you also have to pay after a specific time according to the offer. So these can be placed side by side, but you have to be master in the control. Otherwise, some new things will pop up and make the cloud computing a troublesome one to you.
Initially, the advantages of cloud computing may inspire you a lot, but the disadvantages though it may demoralize you as well. Generally, we expect that the benefits will be relatively more than difficulties. But here we see the number of disadvantages is equal. I think all the points as discussed in the category may not be applicable for every person. Like, very less control over the cloud computing might not be at all a matter of concern for some person or enterprise.
So, it is your situation and condition which will tell you whether cloud computing is good or bad for you. But these are an average thought which is generally common for all. You may have some brighter ideas about the advantages and disadvantages of cloud computing. If so, please share with us and allow us to enlighten ourselves with your brilliant knowledge. I hope this article has helped you a bit.