Quantum machine learning is an advanced level algorithm of machine learning techniques to find patterns of data. It is an emerging research area for machine learning and quantum physics. To execute data on quantum computer data scientists use quantum machine learning algorithms. Algorithms are used to process the use amount of data over quantum computers. The QML increases the capability, intelligence and opportunity to study the quantum systems. Moreover, this machine learning explores the branch of research to get the structural and mythological similarities between any specific physical systems. The researchers used is terminology as a quantum learning theory.
What is Quantum Machine Learning
Quantum machine learning is the finding of difficult models in machine learning. Probabilistic models over graph structure that resist the calculation of classical computers can be the example of QML. Quantum computer has rapid progress in the last two or three years. It has been using to solve a couple of tasks. To Solve those tasks there are a couple of challenges. To remove the challenges the data scientist is using quantum machine learning and deep learning. To solve the classical problem of neural network this QML is using widely.
The Concepts for Newbies Before Exploring Quantum Machine Learning?
Quantum machine learning is a new subject to all the researchers. Since we are writing this article for the newbies, therefore, we thought that you need some refreshments before proceeding to Quantum ML. To become an expert on the quantum machine you need to know the basics of following things.
Quantum computer is the advanced level computing which takes both 0 and 1 simultaneously instead of taken it separately. It is used for high-level prediction like face recognition, data manipulation, and recommendation systems. The analytical power of quantum computing is huge and unimaginable. It is still in the beginning process of discovery.
Machine learning is the algorithm of prediction analysis, public analysis and the instruction for courses of action. It can work as a human without the presence of a human. Without being guided and instructions it can do the task for you. It defined its work in several machine learning models and implement it as per expectation.
Big data is a large volume of data including structure and structure. The capacity of quantum machine learning and computing is high so it is highly suitable to work with machine learning. Big data works beyond the traditional database because of its volume. Cloud computing corporate to implement Quantum machine learning by using big data.
Artificial intelligence is the mission intelligence to demonstrate the human brain in mechanical form. It is the mimic of the human brain by the computer. As per previous instruction, it can perform as like human. In robotic engineering, artificial intelligence is using widely.
Internet of things or IoT is the process of modernization of day to day activity is on the internet. It allows working from a remote place. For example, you have forgotten to lock your door and now you are at your office. With the IoT based smart home system, you can lock your door open whatever you like. Almost all household appliances are using the internet of things nowadays. For example television, fan, refrigerator, air conditioner and many other home appliances using the advantage of the internet of things.
The quantum bits are the basic manipulation tools of quantum computing. It is not like the general classical computing. In general computing, we know that it works based on some logic. But in the quantum bit system, it was for probability. The main element of quantum bits are electrons and photos. Study about faces of photos and spin direction of the electron. The QuBit can show the superposition of two-state as following:
|ψ> = α |0> + β |1>
What is the Difference Between the Classical Bits and Quantum Bits?
Indian classical bit system it was with 0 or 1. It would have two possible exclusive a state who will represent zero or one. On the other hand, Quantum bits represent the two simultaneous possible states where initialization value is 0. It represents the vector of two-dimension. Where the classical bit dimensionality is is on binary digit there the quantum bit initial dimensionality is two floating numbers. Classical beat work with logical gate and Quantum bit work with Quantum gate. The outcome of the classical bit is 0 or 1 and you can determine the value but the outcome of the quantum bit is 0 or 1 for any probabilistic value.
The Application of Quantum in Machine Learning
Machine learning Quantum can be applied in various ways. It has to predict the uncertainty in an effective manner that seems to be human. Some of the remarkable applications are:
Quantum Clustering Finding
When the data is represented in a very large dimension scale, it is very difficult to perform the clustering with a classical computer. in this scenario, the uses of a quantum computer is a very good solution.
Quantum Support for Victor Machine
Finding the hyperplane that separates data points that are represented in high dimensional space is so difficult on a classical computer. Honour Quantum computers can be solved extremely efficiently.
The goal of this algorithm is to find the proper axis along which to group this data. this is something that takes 0(n^3) on a classical computing system. But in the quantum machine learning system, you can do it exponentially faster.
This method is for finding that topological feature of data. This problem can be mapped on a problem of finding eigenvalues of some huge, high-dimensional matrix.
Quantum Deep Learning
The exciting breakthrough may soon bring real Quantum natural networks, especially deep learning neural networks, to reality. Menu research papers have shown remarkable results in Quantum deep learning.
It can de be determined by four types:
- Search algorithms
- balance point complex system
- Quantum Fourier Transforms (QFT)
- Simulation algorithms
How Quantum Machine Learning Can Help us?
Quantum Machine Learning thinks for you with the help of AI without absolute instruction. For example, we can simulate the example of image recognization simulation of a Cat. By taking various images of Cat it can make a cat-like image pattern. The expertise grows on the dependence on data with some limitations. It can not recognize additional particular details like the gender of cat, race, and adorable or not?
But machine learning has the potentiality of improving the mental health of human beings with the application of intelligence. In our day to day life, we have seen the various application of the internet of things or IoT In healthcare. In the consequence of development machine learning also helps to detect cancer.
In the field of engineering, Quantum Machine Learning also expands its wing to improve the environment of machine learning. It is used for probability to make a rule from uncertainty. It can be the perfect solution for any complex work.
How Does Quantum Learning Work?
Sometimes there is the headline of the working process the quantum machine learning. Quantum computing is enough for suppressing anything. To know the working process of quantum machine learning we have to know the general process of a simple computer system. In general the computer it works on 0 and 1. A position cannot behold by both together. Suppose you want to give a booking for a hotel if you are interested and wanted to get the room then your code will be 1 otherwise 0.
In Quantum learning, the working process of it is both 0 and 1. It can also take both together. So that the competition power of quantum computing becomes enormous and faster.
In the normal computer process, there should be clear instruction otherwise the computer will not perform. In the working process of quantum learning, there is no requirement for clear cut instructions. Based on the real-time scenario it can perform its duty.
Another working process of quantum computing is holding the superposition. Content cannot be located in two different places at the same time. But the quantum machine learning allows the particles to hold several positions at the same time. The name of this procedure is qubits. It makes the computer powerful systems and takes input 0 and 1 or both together simultaneously.
General machine Learning (GML) Vs Quantum Machine Learning (QML)
Both are part of machine learning but there is a little difference. In general machine learning, works with the probability of 0 and 1. But the Quantum Machine Learning works with both together. Some other differences are given below in the tabular form:
|Serial||General machine Learning (GML)||Quantum Machine Learning (QML)|
|1.||CML works with a bit (0 or 1)||QML works with QuBit ( 0 and 1 and both)|
|2.||Mathematical algoritham+CPU processing+ Pattern Recognization||Mathematical Algoritham+Quantum Processing + Pattern Recognization|
|3.||The working pattern: N=3 means 3 Bits||The working pattern: N=3 means 2X2X2|
|4.||Speed up the working process||Speed up computing power|
|5.||Application: General Prediction||Application:|
Quantum machine learning is the higher application of machine learning. The difference between the two will help us to identify the function of them. Many machine learning service providers using this QML. The concept is new and many countries are yet to implement the Quantum system so so many people do not have the proper idea of machine learning in the Quantum system.
Quantum Machine Learning (Quantum ML) is a combination of Machine Learning(ML) and Quantum Physics. It is used to leverage the power of quantum computing with the algorithm of machine learning. You may take the help of other research papers on quantum machine learning to get more ideas. You will be appreciated if you share your great thought with comments.