In the vast area of photography, landscape photography is a well known and interesting field. Whenever I go to visit any place I take my camera with me because wherever I go there is a place which can be framed into a landscape. This earth has got many beauties in it. You just go to a place, stand there for a while, look around and visualize that place. Finally, imagine beautiful photography. Apparently, you will get a very nice frame to capture. Everyone likes landscape photography. The way it is beautiful to look in the same way it is easy to capture. And if you can get acquainted with some best landscape photography tips and techniques, then the whole process of taking a fantastic landscape photo will be more easy and exciting.
Landscape Photography Tips To Become A Pro
There are a few easy things which can make very good landscape photography. This article contains some best Landscape Photography Tips which will help you to develop your landscape photography skills and make you a professional photographer. So let’s get started with the generic list of top 25 best landscape photography tips and tutorials.
1. Set Your Camera
Set your camera at first. For usual landscape photography, camera setting is straightforward. You have to understand what you are going to shoot. Usually, we will take a photo in the daytime. So keep your ISO to the minimum, i.e., 100 or 200. If it during the night then follow the procedure of nighttime photography, you may keep your ISO around 3200. About aperture, keep it narrow to get more depth of field. You can keep it f/11, f/12 or around that or even f/22.
Aperture priority mode is the best option for shooting landscape. So simply set your camera mode to A or Av mode. You may try further in manual mode, and that will be excellent. Initially, you might not get a good result, but few practices will take you to a standard level. Shutter speed should be rational with the focal length. 1/30th of second should be selected for a focal length of 30mm. Again you can make a change to this if your camera or your lens is stabilized.
2. Landscape Photography Tips: Take Tripod
Don’t always trust your limbs for landscape photography. A small shake of your hand may spoil the whole image. So before you go for shooting landscape, carry the tripod with you. Again take an outstanding quality of tripod which will keep you in no tension about the stability.
Try to make your tripod as a part of yours while you proceed for photography. Remember, you can not make your camera stable like the way a tripod can because your limbs have got tremor, but your tripod does not.
3. Know Where You Go
For landscape photography, place selection is the most important thing because whatever you are doing for taking the shot depends on the place or spot where you are going to do the photography. Before proceeding you need to study the area. By the grace of the internet now almost all the place are available on the internet in the form of a photo.
So you can very easily search a place where you are planning to go and see the photos of those places which will give you an idea of the things to be captured. Again consult with google image and flicker or sites similar to these which will enrich your knowledge and expand your imagination for getting ideas to take images.
4. Landscape Photography Tips: Select Vantage Point
For taking a good landscape you need to select a vantage point so that you can easily observe the area. Looking at the area to be photographed from a vantage point will allow you to select the frame for the photo. Always try to select a low vantage point, a high, or a point at eye level. These all points may not always give photos perfect from all the points but photos taken from all the points will let you select the best photo amongst all which will be the perfect one.
5. The Golden Hour/ Magic Hour
Golden Hour or Magic Hour is the time after the first light (sunrise) and before the last light (sunset) when the sun provides a soft light which is allowed to capture beautiful images. During the golden hour, the sun shines from an oblique angle. As a result, the light does not become intense.
During the time other than the golden hour light remains too intense, and as a result, it makes the photo a bad one. Now how to find the golden hour? Well, your eyes are the best judge. Even though you can use the following link to find the golden hour.
6. Keep Only What Requires
For landscape photography, you will get a vast area to capture. Then what to keep and what to discard? Always go for simplicity. Keeping the idea a simple plan for your photograph. Select the subject and try to project that. Do not try to keep everything in a photo then the meaning of the photo will be lost.
There will be many unnecessary things which will come up inside the frame. These may distract the view. You can simply change the placement of the camera to remove the unnecessary thing out of the frame.
7. Checking Unwanted Intruder
It may happen that the place where you are taking the photo is a bushy area or there are many trees. After taking the photo, you have noticed that a branch a tree has appeared in one corner of the frame. This is just an example. There might be many more unwanted intruders who may distract from the photo. So before you press the trigger check for the intruder. You know, the intruder is usually not welcomed.
8. Chemistry of Light and Shade
Earlier I have discussed the golden hour. If you are following the golden hour, then you are absolutely okay about light and shade. But remember when the sun is shining from an inclined position then there will be shade at one side. But you need to make a combination of light and shade.
If you only take the shaded part, then it will be a photo without any spice. So there should be the presence of both. You need to place your camera in such a place so that you can make good chemistry of light and shade. Again do not take a photo during midday. This will not allow you to have light and shade wherever you place your camera.
9. Follow the Rule of Thirds
Hope we all know the rule of thirds and apply that accordingly. If you are not following the rules as you do not know, then I am going to give you a little idea about this rule of thirds. When a viewer looks towards an image, then there are some points around which his eyes move.
So while taking a picture, we need to keep the most important thing in those points. So which are those points? If you trisect the frame laterally and vertically, then the lines will intersect in four points. Those are the points where you need to keep our main object. If you go to setting and set the grid on your display, then it will be visible while taking a photo in live mode.
But practice will make it easy to anticipate the points even seeing without those lines through the viewfinder. So that’s all about the rule of third? No there are a few more. We shall discuss those in next to the next paragraph.
10. Understand The Foreground, Middleground, and Background
We can divide a picture into three parts. Foreground, and background. The nearest thing of the frame is the foreground, and the farthest thing is the background. The ground in between these is called middle ground.
Suppose you have captured a photo where there is a road nearest to you then there are hills immediate to that and finally sky behind those hills. So the first one is the foreground that is the road, the hills are the middle ground and skies are the background.
11. Place The Grounds According To Rule Of Thirds
In the rule of thirds, we have learned that the whole frame is divided into three parts both laterally and vertically. So there will be two lines laterally and two vertically. We have to place the meeting point of these grounds in the lines.
Like, the meeting point of the foreground and middle ground with the lower lateral line of the frame and the meeting place of the foreground and the background with the upper lateral line of the frame.
12. Emphasize On Foreground
As I mentioned in the last paragraph that the foreground is the nearest part of the frame. Thus you need to select it meticulously because the first thing which will catch the eye in the foreground. Select something which will make the image a meaningful one. It can be a texture, a rock, a plank, a boat or anything like that. Again do not keep such a thing in the foreground, so that dominates the whole image as we intend to take a landscape.
13. Landscape Photography Tips: Take all Focused
This sounds tough, right? How can one lense focus all at the same time? The human eye can not even focus on two different things at the same time. Then what to do? Yes, you need to focus on such a point which will make all the points visible. Focus at the middle or a bit top of the foreground. Selecting this point will make maximum points clear. You do not have to worry about selecting AI focus, AI servo or One-shot because most of the elements will be static. So, just select One-Shot.
14. Place Camera At the Ground or At The Top
Take your camera on the ground or at the top level just to change your perspective. Do not always take photos from your eye level. Change the position of the camera and then take a photo. Try all these and thereby you can judge the best position from which you will get a quality photo. Changing this small position may change the whole picture. Sometimes it will help to avoid unnecessary things which we want to omit from the image.
15. Landscape Photography Tips: Change Position
Besides taking the camera at the top or at the bottom change the position of the camera as well. Otherwise at the end of the day when you will see all the photos taken by you will be the same. You will get nothing to choose from.
So change the place and get the perfect view. Sometimes our imagination fails to find the perfect angle to look and take the snap. Why don’t we try and get some examples from which we will be able to select the perfect one? So, you must not be rigid with the camera and click all the shots.
16. Check The Whole Area, There Might Be Something More
I believe every creation made by God has got beauty. We just need a perfect time and angle to look at for discovering the beauty. So do not just face aside after reaching a place and come back after taking many photos of that area. You need to turn around as well.
Maybe the thing which you have always kept at your rear has got something very nice. Again going to a place you may find only one side as a beautiful one, but as time goes, you may find the other side much more beautiful. So, you must not forget to check all the directions after a few time intervals.
17. Take Landscape At Night
Should you sit tight at night? No there are plenty of ways to take landscape at night. That is an exciting way of photography. What will you photograph at night? Well, you can include the night sky in your frame where there will be many stars and the milky way. Combination of all will make a perfect Night Sky Photography in a landscape mode at night.
Again you may take the photo of Aurora. If you are living in a city where there is a busy road you can easily go out at night and shoot the light trail which will serve two purposes at a time. One is Landscape Photography, and another is Light Trail Photography.
18. Landscape Photography Tips: Use Filter
Add a filter for landscape photography. The filter reduces the amount of light which enters through the lens. If the light is too intense, then you may use a Neutral Density Filter. This will also allow you to take a photo with a slower shutter speed.
Again you may use a Polarized Filter if you have a reflecting surface like water in your frame and you want to reduce the reflections. It only allows a certain angle of lights to pass through the lens thus it can reduce the reflections which are not necessary.
19. Landscape Photography Tips: Check Histogram
Check histogram when you take a photo. This will give you a perfect view of the image which you are shooting. Due to the presence of light outside the display with the camera will deceive you about the actual exposure of the surrounding. This will either show brighter or darker.
So always check the histogram thus get the perfect condition of the image and you don’t get deceived by the display of the camera. Before that, you need to know how to read the histogram. Just search it on the internet, and you will get an obvious idea about histogram and how to use that.
20. Landscape Photography Tips: Select RAW Format
Though RAW format images to take more space than that of JPEG but always take a photo in RAW format. The RAW format provides more details about a photo than that of JPEG format. In RAW format maximum information about an image will be obtained, and thus you will get more control over your image while editing.
If you are planning to edit your photo by a computer than you must shoot your photo in RAW format. Quality of a converted image from RAW to JPEG will be better than a photo taken in direct JPEG format
21. Landscape Photography Tips: Try Long Exposure
Besides shooting normal photos you should try a long exposure. To shoot long exposure during the daytime, you need ND filters. A long exposure during the daytime will totally change the dimension of your image. You can try it to a water stream, a river, a fountain, and even the clouds moving on the sky.
For taking this type of photo, you need to master some more process which is really easy. For this kind of photography, you need an ND filter may be more than 10 stop or even lower or upper than that which depends on your exposure tenure.
22. Maintain Hyperfocal Distance While Focusing
You have to know about the hyperfocal distance which means a distance focusing which you will get an acceptable focus where you can bring maximum things in focus. I have already mentioned earlier about focusing. You need to focus on such point and distance which will give you a maximum clear view. In general sense, we can understand that if we focus on a place from where the distance of all the things is nearly equal that can focus maximum.
Like if we focus at the center of the frame then it will get the maximum portion. Focusing on the foreground will make the background blur and focusing on the background will make the foreground blur. So take the middle ground as your focus point. And this distance is the hyperfocal distance.
23. Go For Portrait/Vertical Orientation
Sometimes try vertical orientation. Make some segment of your area of photography and then take those photos in a vertical orientation. Obviously, you will get some new idea and frame. Never forget the rule of thirds while taking photos in a vertical orientation. If you have a long subject ahead of you or you want to take much of the skies and much of the ground then try for portrait orientation.
Your subject will dictate whether you have to take portrait orientation or not. If you have segmented your area then zoom in and check in portrait orientation. You might discover something interesting.
24. Reach Before The Exact Time
So far I have discussed many landscape photography tips and points which include time, setting, combination etc to take landscape photography. After reaching the spot you have to set up your camera keeping all the points in mind. So if you are planning to reach the spot just in time then you will go wrong. Reach before the exact time and keep such time in hand so that you can do all the necessary things before clicking the shutter. Otherwise, the perfect time for taking the perfect photo will not wait for yours.
25. Landscape Photography Tips: Go For Experiment
Do not remain stuck with one idea. If anything come across your mind then go and try it. It might not be a good photo but it will show you the mistakes you have made and at the same time it will give you the corrections to be made. More you go for experiment more ideas will grow in your mind.
There are some rules for every photograph. Do not always follow the rules. It’s said that rules are made to break. So break the rules and go for experiments. By that, you will come to know whether breaking rules are good or it is sometimes fruitful or even fruitless. Always remember that photography is an art. So it’s your imagination. Rules are just like guidelines. When you make a good photo on your own without following any rules, that becomes a new rule.
Know the rules so that you can break those. Know the rules so that you can modify those. So, for anything you need to know the rules. As I said, everything has got beauty, but you need to have the perfect angle and time to look at. That is what we need to discover. We have to find a place and look at the right time with the required items to capture.
Whatever mentioned in the articles, landscape photography tips, are some suggestions only. While taking landscape photography to keep these points in mind even if you want to deviate. Because it will tell you the consequences. Sometimes consequences become fortune. Wish you shoot good landscape photography and be more creative.